Pond Pine

(Pinus serotina)



Pinus serotina,the pond pine,marsh pine or pocosin pine,is a tree found along the Southeastern portion of the Atlantic coastal plain of the United States,from southern New Jersey south to Florida and west to southern Alabama.This pine often has a crooked growth pattern and an irregular top and grows up to 21 metres (69 ft) high,rarely to 29 metres (95 ft).The needles are in bundles of three or four,and 15?20 cm (6?8 in) long.The almost round cones are 5?8 cm (2?3 1_4 in) long with small prickles on the scales.Its cones are usually serotinous,requiring fire to open.The pond pine is found in wet habitats near ponds,bays,swamps,and pocosins.The species name serotina is derived from the persistently unopened cones that may remain closed for several years before they release their seeds;the opening is often in response to forest fires.At the north end of its range,it intergrades and hybridises with pitch pine (P.rigida);it is distinguished from that species by the longer needles and on average slightly larger cones.Some botanists treat pond pine as a subspecies of pitch pine.

Taxonomic tree:

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Coniferophyta
Class: Pinopsida
News coming your way
The biggest news about our planet delivered to you each day